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Tim Berners-Lee who was a physicist who had been working on the CERN project back in 1980, developed the prototype Enquire to allow researchers to share documents with each other. By 1989 along with fellow CERN engineer Robert Cailliau collaborated together in order to develop the joint project known as Worldwide Web or W3. This project was accepted by CERB and the World Wide Web Consortium was launched.

Using a development language designed specifically for the hypertext transfer protocol, the Hypertext Markup Language or HTML was developed. The basic concept of HTML is to give structure to the information contained within a webpage. Using what has become known as tags, a developer could design a webpage and tell the end user exactly how they would want the page to be seen.

In 1991 the very first published document entitled HTML Tags was released by Time Berners-Lee describing the element of the tags and how they are used to layout the textual information of a webpage to be shared with another client. There were originally 22 tag elements in all described on this document, however today only 13 of them are still useable.

Upon the creation of the HTML language, Lee defined it as a part of SGML, however it was not until the submission of the mid-1993 document "Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)" Internet-Draft that an actual definition was made clear as it was released along side of SGML documentation. By the end of 1993 there were many suggestions of the standardisation of the HTML features to include things such as forms as well as tables. As a result the then dubbed HTML 2.0 was released. Keep in mind that there was no real 1.0 version of the language but the designation was chosen as the final of many drafts concerning the original development of the Hypertext Markup Language.

All web pages are supposed to be developed today using what has become known as MIME types. These are specifications that inform the browser on how to assemble the page and read the code. However, if the wrong MIME type is listed on the document, the browser may error out as a result.

A webpage which is written in HTML will have the extension .html at the end. Keep in mind though that computers developed back in the 1980’s through the early 1990s used a FAT compression on the hard disk drives that was only capable of understanding 3 number extensions which as a result has led to the abbreviation of the .html as .htm.

There have been a number of off shoots from the HTML development which includes the DHTML as well as SHTML formats. While other languages today are being used such as PHP and ASP, the resulting information the browser is sent after the server side computing is done is in HTML format. The Hypertext Markup Language is the predominant development language used on websites today and it does not appear to be changing any time soon.

Original Authors: Nick
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 22/12/2008
 

 


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